For decades, manufactured homes (often called mobile homes) have been a source of affordable housing for low income families in communities across the country. Today, more than 17 million people live in manufactured homes.
Prior to 1974, there was no motivation to standardize manufactured home construction quality. Swift construction of mass-produced homes left quite a bit of room for poorly constructed structures built with little to no insulation, thin roofs and walls, poor windows, and inefficient heating and cooling equipment. They often leaked during bad weather.
Recognizing the need to standardize manufactured home construction, Congress passed the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act in 1974. Consequently, manufacturers had to revise manufacturing practices in order to meet or exceed codes established by HUD in 1976 and significantly upgraded in 1994. The HUD codes set standards for heating, plumbing, ventilation, air conditioning and electrical systems, design, construction, transportation, energy efficiency, wind resistance, and fire safety.
The Manufactured Housing Improvement Act of 2000 significantly amended the Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act by creating new mandates for manufactured home installation and dispute resolution. Other significant amendments included a requirement that the HUD Secretary establish the Manufactured Housing Consensus Committee and an authorization for the Secretary to appoint a non-career Administrator of the manufactured housing program.
More information about HUD’s Manufactured Housing programs is at: http://1.usa.gov/1mzECZS
I’M HOME, a program of the Corporation for Enterprise Development, has more information about manufactured housing at: http://bit.ly/1lJd3BX
NLIHC is recognizing its 40th anniversary throughout 2014, culminating in a commemorative event on Monday, November 17 in Washington, DC. Please save the date.