An executive order issued January 18 directs federal agencies to quantify the benefits and costs of regulations and allows them to consider qualitative values that are difficult to measure, including “equity, human dignity, fairness, and distributive impacts.”
Executive Order 13563, “Improving Regulation and Regulatory
Review,” supplements a 1993 executive order. Its public participation
provisions direct agencies to base regulations on “the open exchange
of information and perspectives,” not only among state, local and
tribal officials, but among “experts in relevant disciplines, affected
stakeholders in the private sector and the public as a whole.
Each agency must develop and submit to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs a preliminary plan to periodically analyze existing regulations to determine whether they are outmoded, ineffective, insufficient or excessively burdensome, and thus should be modified, streamlined, expanded or repealed.
President Obama also issued a memorandum on regulatory compliance. It directs federal agencies to develop plans to make public information on their regulatory compliance and enforcement activities easily accessible, downloadable and searchable online. The memorandum notes that the U.S. Department of Labor and Environmental Protection Agency already have begun to make administrative inspections, examinations, reviews, warnings, citations and revocations available online at http://ogesdw.dol.gov and http://www.epa-echo.gov/echo, respectively.
To read Executive Order 13563, go to http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2011/pdf/2011-1385.pdf
The Regulatory Compliance Memorandum is at http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2011/pdf/2011-1386.pdf