Washington, DC – The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) announced today that the national Housing Trust Fund (HTF) and the Capital Magnet Fund (CMF) will receive a total of $1.138 billion for affordable housing – the largest amount ever – from Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the Enterprises) in 2022. Of this amount, the HTF will receive $740 million – $29 million more than it received last year.
“Ensuring adequate funding for the national Housing Trust Fund is one of NLIHC’s top priorities,” said NLIHC President and CEO Diane Yentel. “The funding allocated by the Enterprises for the HTF will help produce, preserve, and operate homes affordable to people with the lowest incomes, including families, seniors, people with disabilities, and others.”
Created through the “Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008” (HERA) and overseen by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the HTF allocates funding annually to states to build, preserve, rehabilitate, and operate rental housing for extremely low-income households (ELI) – those with incomes less than 30% of the area median income (AMI) or with incomes less than the federal poverty line. Nationally, there is a shortage of 7 million homes affordable and available to people with the lowest incomes.
HERA stipulated that the initial dedicated source of revenue for the HTF and the CMF was to derive from an annual set-aside of 4.2 basis points (0.042%) for each dollar of the unpaid principal on the Enterprises’ new business purchases, which consist of single-family and multifamily mortgage loans purchased during the year, and single-family and multifamily mortgage loans underlying mortgage-backed securities issued during the year.
Funds from the HTF are awarded as block grants to states and distributed by a statutory formula based on four factors that consider renter household needs only. Seventy-five percent of the value of the formula goes to two factors that reflect the needs of ELI renters. The other two factors concern the renter needs of very low-income households – households with incomes between 31% and 50% of AMI. A state may choose to award up to 10% of its annual HTF allocation to homeowner activities, though to date no state has done so.
When it was established in 2008, the HTF was the first new housing resource since 1974 targeted to building, rehabilitating, preserving, and operating rental housing for extremely low-income people. NLIHC, its members, and other stakeholders played a critical role in the creation of the fund and continue to advocate for increases to annual HTF funding. Since 2016, when the first $174 million of HTF dollars were allocated to states, HTF allocations have grown to $219 million (in 2017), $267 million (in 2018), $248 million (in 2019), $323 million (in 2020), and $690 million (in 2021), culminating in the record $740 million that will be allocated to the fund in 2022.
“While the allocation announced today is significant and badly needed, the HTF remains woefully underfunded compared to the need,” said Diane Yentel. “The House-passed Build Back Better Act includes a $15 billion allocation for the HTF. Congress should enact it as soon as possible.”