• State Data Overview

    Across Virginia, there is a shortage of rental homes affordable and available to extremely low income households (ELI), whose incomes are at or below the poverty guideline or 30% of their area median income (AMI). Many of these households are severely cost burdened, spending more than half of their income on housing. Severely cost burdened poor households are more likely than other renters to sacrifice other necessities like healthy food and healthcare to pay the rent, and to experience unstable housing situations like evictions.

    Renter households that are extremely low income
    Maximum income for 4-person extremely low income household (state level)
    Shortage of rental homes affordable and available for extremely low income renters
    Annual household income needed to afford a two-bedroom rental home at HUD's Fair Market Rent.
    Percent of extremely low income renter households with severe cost burden
  • State Level Partners

    NLIHC Housing Advocacy Organizer

    Kyle Arbuckle

    Kyle Arbuckle

    202.662.1530 x227 | [email protected]

    State Partners

    Virginia Housing Alliance
    205 North Robinson Street
    Richmond, VA 23220
    P 804-840-8185
    Brian Koziol, Executive Director
    [email protected]
    Randy Moore, Director of Policy
    [email protected]

    Become an NLIHC State Partner

    NLIHC’s affiliation with our state coalition partners is central to our advocacy efforts. Although our partners' involvement varies, they are all housing and homeless advocacy organizations engaged at the state and federal level. Many are traditional coalitions with a range of members; others are local organizations that serve more informally as NLIHC's point of contact.

    Inquire about becoming a state partner by contacting [email protected]

    Become a Member
  • Housing Trust Fund
    HTF Implementation Information

    NLIHC continues working with leaders in each state and the District of Columbia who will mobilize advocates in support of HTF allocation plans that benefit ELI renters to the greatest extent possible. Please contact the point person coordinating with NLIHC in your state (below) to find out about the public participation process and how you can be involved. Email Kyle Arbuckle with any questions.

    NHTF logo
    Current Year HTF Allocation
    NLIHC Point Person for HTF Advocacy

    Randy Moore

    Virginia Housing Alliance

    Director of Policy and Advocacy


    [email protected] 

    State Designated Entity:

    William C. Shelton


    Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development


    [email protected]

    Official Directly Involved with HTF Implementation:

    Lyndsi Austin

    Associate Director, Housing Policy and Compliance


    [email protected]

    Willie Fobbs

    Associate Director, Affordable Housing Production and Preservation


    [email protected]

    State Entity Webpage

    Virginia DHCD

    NHTF-specific page

    National Housing Trust Fund

  • Resources

    Housing Profiles

    State Housing Profile

    State Housing Profile: Virginia (PDF)

    Congressional District Housing Profile

    Congressional District Profile: Virginia (PDF)

    Research and Data

    National Housing Preservation Database

    The National Housing Preservation Database is an address-level inventory of federally assisted rental housing in the United States.

    Out of Reach: The High Cost of Housing

    Out of Reach documents the gap between renters’ wages and the cost of rental housing. In Virginia and Nationwide

    The Gap: A Shortage of Affordable Rental Homes

    The Gap represents data on the affordable housing supply and housing cost burdens at the national, state, and metropolitan levels. In Virginia and Nationwide

  • Take Action
    Tell Congress to Protect and Expand the National Housing Trust Fund
    Urge Congress to Pass a Budget with Strong Support for Affordable Housing Programs
    Tell Congress that Opportunity Zones Must Benefit Low Income People and Long-Term Residents
  • COVID-19 Resources
    COVID-19 Resources

    NLIHC has estimated a need for no less than $100 billion in emergency rental assistance and broke down the need and cost for each state (download Excel spreadsheet). 

    Many cities and states are establishing rental assistance programs to support individuals and families impacted by COVID-19. This tracker links to news reports of various city, state and philanthropic rental assistance programs that are being established during the pandemic. Check NLIHC's cumulative list of rental assistance.

    Virginia Rent and Mortgage Relief program is partnering with nonprofits and local governments, who will distribute it to eligible households. To qualify, renters or homeowners have to show proof of income — unemployment compensation counts — and a valid lease or mortgage statement, or simply documentation from the landlord confirming they are renting that home. Eligible homeowners and renters can apply and get one-time financial assistance to cover payments back to April 1 and going forward. People applying must have a rent or mortgage at or below 150% of the fair market rent and an income at or below 80% of the median area income. But from now until July 20, households with a gross household income at or below 50% of the area median income will get priority.

    Updated on July 24, 2020.

    People Inc. is offering rental assistance to qualifying individuals who have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Rental assistance will be paid directly to landlords of qualifying tenants. Rental assistance is available to qualifying individuals who live in Buchanan County, Bristol City, Clarke County, Culpeper County, Dickenson County, Fauquier County, Frederick County, Manassas City, Manassas Park City, Page County, Prince William County, Rappahannock County, Russell County, Shenandoah County, Warren County and Washington County.  

    Updated on July 24, 2020.

    Loudon CountyOn April 7, the Board of Supervisors approved re-allocating $200,000 from the Eastern Loudoun County Home Revitalization Program to create the rental assistance program.
    Virginia BeachThe Virginia Beach Eviction Prevention Assistance program will provide eligible households with short-term assistance towards rental arrears since April 1, 2020, and one month’s rent. Assistance is provided one time, and payments are made directly to the landlord or property manager.
    AlexandriaAlexandria is now accepting applications for $600 per month for three months of emergency rental assistance for low-income residents affected by COVID-19.

    On June 15, 2020, Charlottesville City Council unanimously voted to create the Housing RELIEF Fund to address the City’s housing crisis due to COVID-19. The Fund provides short-term financial assistance to tenants and landlords in the form of rent payments. The program focuses on providing assistance to the following groups:

    1.) Individuals residing in the City who were recently released from a correctional institution (from January 2020 to present).

    2.) Individuals and households in the City that are experiencing homelessness, and more specifically, households with children under the age of 18.

    3.) Landlords who have rental tenants that reside in the City and are at risk of experiencing homelessness due to nonpayment of rent as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    The Henrico COVID-19 Emergency Rental Assistance (COVID-19-ERA) program provides emergency rental assistance to income-eligible households economically impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic through job loss, furlough, reduction in hours of pay, and/or extraordinary child/adult care expenses as a result of school or daycare closures. Assistance is intended for the purpose of preventing homelessness. Applicants who do not face imminent homelessness because they have financial resources, have made suitable arrangements with their landlord to avoid loss of housing, or who have family, friends, or others who would assist them to avoid homelessness do not qualify for these grants.

    Rental assistance is made possible through the use of Community Development Block Grant-CV (CDBG-CV) & Emergency Solutions Grant (ESG-CV) funds. CDBG-CV & ESG-CV funds will be used for emergency rental payments on behalf of income-eligible households economically impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Payment will be made directly to a bona fide landlord, property management agent or company to pay down rentals in arrears.

    Emergency rental assistance will be made on behalf of eligible Henrico residents while funds last. Payments will be made up to $1,500 per month, for a maximum period of 4 months. Payments are limited to rental arears, delinquency fees, and court costs accrued during the pandemic, and are limited to property currently occupied by the applicant. Payments are limited to one per household.

    Federal, state, and local eviction moratoriums are rapidly expiring and the CARES Act supplemental unemployment benefits will end soon; at that time, millions of low-income renters will be at risk of losing their homes. The NLIHC estimates at least $100 billion in emergency rental assistance is needed to keep low-income renters stably housed during and after the pandemic. This tracker links to news reports of the growing evictions crisis in various cities and states. Check NLIHC's cumulative list of eviction updates.

    Across the country, homeless service providers are struggling to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. In order to follow public health guidelines and help ensure people’s safety, some shelters are being forced to reduce services, restrict admittance, or close entirely. The loss of these critical resources puts people experiencing homelessness at even higher risk of illness. Check NLIHC's cumulative list of shelter closings.

    Below is a list of shelters that have had to majorly alter services or completely close:

    Advocates report a shelter in Gloucester County closed due to a lack of volunteers.

    The HOPE Foundation in Norfolk is no longer able to provide shelter to individuals experiencing homelessness.

    Thousands of Virginia renters may soon face eviction for being unable to pay July rent or for failing to pay back-rent payments for April, May, or June. Virginia is assembling a $50 million rent relief program, but advocates fear that this will not meet the demand for assistance. Governor Ralph Northam is calling for circuit courts to individually extend a ban on evictions after the Virginia Supreme Court declined to extend the moratorium beyond June 28.

    Updated on July 7, 2020.

    Governor Ralph Northam shared new resources on May 19 to protect residents from eviction, including a new website to help Virginians navigate housing programs and services. The governor also signed two bills that were approved by the General Assembly on April 22, including a bill that caps late fees on rents and another that protects tenants from evictions during emergencies.

    The Thomas Jefferson Area Coalition for the Homeless is providing shelter for approximately 87 people experiencing homelessness. The organization noted that while homelessness has always been an issue in the community, the pandemic is calling attention to the fact that homelessness is a community health issue.

    The City of Virginia Beach established a program to prevent evictions for low- and middle-income renters experiencing hardship due to the coronavirus pandemic. The Virginia Beach Eviction Prevention Assistance program provides eligible renters with one-time payments issued directly to the landlord or property manager.

    The threat of COVID-19 has led local leaders in Western Washington to take drastic actions to address homelessness. Seattle and King County have moved people experiencing homelessness into hotels, installed new hygiene stations, and prohibits encampment sweeps. Advocates hope that this new approach to addressing homelessness will continue even after the acute crisis has passed.

    Richmond will be spending $5.8 million in federal and local funds to address housing instability and homelessness during the coronavirus pandemic. Mayor Levar Stoney announced that he intends to supplement the $4.2 million from the CARES Act with another $1 million from the city’s Affordable Housing Trust Fund.

    Virginia Governor Ralph Northam announced an initial $2.5 million in emergency funding to shelter the state’s homeless population.

    3,000 evictions have reportedly been filed in Virginia since its moratorium expired on June 28.

    In the third week of July, 1 in 5 adults in Virginia reported they had missed their previous housing payment or had little confidence they would make their next one on time, according to a weekly survey conducted by the Census. In the same survey, over a quarter of a million renters reported they had not paid their previous rental payment.

    Alexandria 100 eviction cases were heard on Wednesday, July 15--prompting a protest at the Alexandra courthouseJuly 15

    Updated: July 29

    Given historically high levels of evictions, experts are predicting tens of thousands of Virginia families will face eviction without emergency rental assistance. Some 30% of the 1.67 million renter households in Virginia have little or no confidence in their ability to pay rent on July 1. According to a weekly survey by the Census, 1 in 5 adults in the state either missed their last housing payment or have little/no confidence of being able to make next month’s housing payment.

    Richmond Over1,900 households in Richmond face eviction. June 23

    Updated: July 16

    COVID-19 Resources Other

    National Media

    What to Know About Housing and Rent During the COVID-19 Emergency?

    Arbor Realty Trust launched an innovative $2 million rental assistance program to help thousands of tenants and families significantly impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak. Arbor is contributing $1 million to the program and participating borrowers will match Arbor's advances to its tenants in need to help fill the rent gap during the hard-hit months of May and June. Together, the partnership program will provide $2 million in relief.