The longstanding housing affordability crisis in the United States entered a new stage of urgency in 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic led to widescale job losses and increased housing instability. To protect renters from eviction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a nationwide eviction moratorium in September 2020. This federal moratorium lasted until July 31, 2021 and helped prevent evictions for 1.55 million renter households across the country. 

Action was not limited to the federal government. State and local jurisdictions did their part to protect renters as well. Recognizing the crucial role tenant protections play in preventing evictions and ensuring housing stability, since 2021, states and localities have passed or implemented a variety of new tenant protections to prevent evictions and keep tenants stably housed.

NLIHC has been tracking the passage of tenant protections in jurisdictions across the country. In January 2022, the ERASE team released a report on its findings, Tenant Protections and Emergency Rental Assistant during and beyond the COVID-19 Pandemic. The team also created the two digital resources featured on this page: a State and Local Tenant Protections Map and a corresponding database. The resources compile and present easy-to-access information about tenant protections around the country to inform the advocacy efforts of local, state, and federal housing champions.

Note: Many states and local jurisdictions had tenant protections in place prior to January 2021 that are not included in the database below. NLIHC began tracking tenant protections in January 2021 in an effort to identify those protections passed in conjunction with the implementation of the federal Emergency Rental Assistance Program. For a comprehensive database of tenant protections existing before January 2021, please see the LSC Eviction Laws Database at: https://bit.ly/3KpK7yu. For more information, email [email protected]

ResourcesDescription

Tenant Protections report

Tenant Protections and Emergency Rental Assistance During and Beyond the COVID-19 Pandemic, released in January 2022, provides a descriptive analysis of new tenant protections and emergency rental assistance (ERA)-related policies enacted or implemented by states and local governments in 2021.  The report includes more than 130 state and local tenant protections including state and local eviction moratoriums, pauses on the eviction process to allow for ERA processing, mandates to increase access to information and limit tenant fees, increases to tenant representation during the eviction process, and protections that reduce discrimination, as well as recommendations to advance protections moving forward.

ERASE Tenant Protections State and Local Maps

Instructions

Click on the magnifying glass to make the search bar appear. Type your state, county, city, or zip code and hit 'enter' to zoom to the location. The buttons below the search box provide options to 'pan', 'zoom', and return to the original extent on the map.

*Households may receive multiple rounds of assistance, resulting in some double counting of households served. States with a number of households served greater than the estimated number of cost-burdened, low-income renter households are coded as 100%.

  • States with New Tenant Protections beginning of January 2021

    Click here if the state map does not load. Please note you will leave NLIHC and will be taken to Tableau site where the map is hosted.

    Sources: NLIHC Tenant Protections Database; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey; U.S. Census Bureau, Household Pulse Survey; U.S. Department of the Treasury, Emergency Rental Assistance Program Monthly Compliance Report.

  • Localities with New Tenant Protections beginning of January 2021

    Click here if the local map does not load. Please note you will leave NLIHC and will be taken to Tableau site where the map is hosted.

    Sources: NLIHC Tenant Protections Database; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey; U.S. Census Bureau, Household Pulse Survey; U.S. Department of the Treasury, Emergency Rental Assistance Program Monthly Compliance Report.

ERASE State and Local Tenant Protections Database

Overview of Tenant Protections since January 2021

The ERASE State and Local Tenant Protections Database provides information about protections passed or implemented beginning January 2021 that have assisted in preventing evictions and keeping renters stably housed during the COVID-19 pandemic. This database includes the jurisdiction, implementing authority, status, a brief description of each protection, and a link to more information on both short-term protections directly related to emergency rental assistance and long-term tenant protections that will outlast the pandemic.

If you know of a tenant protection passed after January 2021 that is not included in the database, please contact ERASE Project Coordinator Jade Vasquez at [email protected] or contact us at [email protected].


Since January 2021...

0 States have passed tenant protections (including Washington DC and Puerto Rico)

0 Localities have passed tenant protections

Implementing Authority

0 Total # of Protections Passed or Implemented

Click here to download the table. Please note you will be taken to Google Sheets where you can download the spreadsheet. You can also use the searchable tool below to look up state, territory, tribe, or locality for the city or county you reside in.

State / TerritoryJurisdictionImplementing AuthorityNumberStatusDescriptionLinkCategory