NLIHC Research Note: “Emergency Rental Assistance Programs in Response to COVID-19”

"Emergency Rental Assistance Programs in Response to COVID-19" provides a descriptive analysis of over 440 rental assistance programs created or expanded in response to COVID-19. The analysis provides insight into how programs are funded, designed, and implemented. The report finds that, although state and local governments have allocated at least $3.9 billion to emergency rental assistance, the magnitude and duration of need far outstrip available assistance. Most programs (81%) only provide short-term relief up to three months despite the much longer duration thus far of the pandemic and its economic fallout. Furthermore, too few programs specifically target extremely low-income renters, those with the greatest needs.

 Click Here to View the Interactive PDF of the Report.

Research Note


NLIHC Research Note: Need for Rental Assistance During the COVID-19 and Economic Crisis

Nearly ten million extremely low- and very low-income renter households were severely housing cost-burdened before the start of the COVID-19 and economic crisis, spending more than half of their income on rent. Based on the last recession, we assume this number will increase by at least 1.5 million. These households are at the greatest risk of housing instability, yet keeping them stably housed is critically important from the perspectives of individual well-being and public health. The temporary increase in unemployment insurance benefits is ultimately not sufficient on its own to ensure stable housing for the lowest-income renters. An economic recovery may not be quick, and some public health experts project COVID-19 outbreaks may continue into the fall. While eviction moratoriums play an important role in protecting renters, tenants are still responsible for their rent payments and small landlords still need rent revenues to operate and maintain their housing units.

 Click Here to View the Interactive PDF of the Report.

Research Note


NLIHC Research Note: Emergency Rental Assistance Needs for Workers Struggling due to COVID-19

The COVID-19 outbreak and related shutdowns continue to have a devastating impact on the job market, and evidence suggests that lower-wage workers are the most likely to be suffering a loss of income. By some estimates, more than 13 million low-income renter households have already been affected. Before the crisis, many of these renters were already struggling: 18.7 million low-income renters were housing cost-burdened, spending more than they can afford for their housing, including 7.7 million extremely low-income renters who spent more than half their incomes on housing.

 Click Here to View the Interactive PDF of the Report.

 Click Here to Download an Excel file of the May 2020 Rental Assistance Estimate.

Research Note


NLIHC Research Note: State and Rental Assistance Programs

The coronavirus pandemic is a national public health crisis that requires families to safely shelter at home at a time when millions of low-wage workers have lost their jobs or have seen a decline in incomes, threatening their livelihoods and housing stability (Gould, 2020; Dey & Lowenstein, 2020). Federal, state, and local eviction moratoriums are rapidly expiring and the CARES Act supplemental unemployment benefits will end soon; at that time, millions of low-income renters will be at risk of losing their homes. At least $100 billion in emergency rental assistance is needed to keep low-income renters stably housed during and after the pandemic.

 Click Here to View the Interactive PDF of the Report.

Research Note


Getting to Yes: Working with FEMA to Fund Noncongregate Shelter During COVID-19

In March 2020, President Donald Trump announced a nationwide Declaration of Emergency regarding the coronavirus pandemic, making available critical resources from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to help address public health needs in states and localities.

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Research Note


Working with FEMA to Address COVID-19 Housing and Homelessness Needs

This toolkit provides you will find information on FEMA’s role, legal authority, programming, eligibility requirements, and funding opportunities in areas that have received a federal Major Disaster Declaration or are covered by the president’s National Emergency Declaration.

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Research Note