North Carolina

  • State Data Overview

    Across North Carolina, there is a shortage of rental homes affordable and available to extremely low income households (ELI), whose incomes are at or below the poverty guideline or 30% of their area median income (AMI). Many of these households are severely cost burdened, spending more than half of their income on housing. Severely cost burdened poor households are more likely than other renters to sacrifice other necessities like healthy food and healthcare to pay the rent, and to experience unstable housing situations like evictions.

    Renter households that are extremely low income
    Maximum income for 4-person extremely low income household (state level)
    Shortage of rental homes affordable and available for extremely low income renters
    Annual household income needed to afford a two-bedroom rental home at HUD's Fair Market Rent.
    Percent of extremely low income renter households with severe cost burden
  • State Level Partners

    NLIHC Housing Advocacy Organizer

    Kyle Arbuckle

    Kyle Arbuckle

    202.662.1530x227 | [email protected]

    State Partners

    North Carolina Coalition to End Homelessness
    PO Box 27692
    Raleigh, NC 27611
    P 919-755-4393
    F 919-755-4397
    Denise Neunaber, Executive Director
    [email protected]
    Ehren Wohler, Project Specialist
    [email protected]

    North Carolina Housing Coalition
    5800 Faringdon Place
    Raleigh, NC 27609
    P 919-881-0707
    F 919-881-0350
    Samuel Gunter, Executive Director
    [email protected]
    Pam Atwood, Policy Director
    [email protected]

    Become an NLIHC State Partner

    NLIHC’s affiliation with our state coalition partners is central to our advocacy efforts. Although our partners' involvement varies, they are all housing and homeless advocacy organizations engaged at the state and federal level. Many are traditional coalitions with a range of members; others are local organizations that serve more informally as NLIHC's point of contact.

    Inquire about becoming a state partner by contacting [email protected]

    Become a Member
  • Housing Trust Fund
    HTF Implementation Information

    NLIHC continues working with leaders in each state and the District of Columbia who will mobilize advocates in support of HTF allocation plans that benefit ELI renters to the greatest extent possible. Please contact the point person coordinating with NLIHC in your state (below) to find out about the public participation process and how you can be involved. Email Kyle Arbuckle with any questions.

    NHTF logo
    Current Year HTF Allocation
    NLIHC Point Person for HTF Advocacy

    Samuel Gunter

    Executive Director

    North Carolina Housing Coalition


    [email protected]

    State Designated Entity:

    Scott Farmer

    Executive Director

    North Carolina Housing Finance Agency


    [email protected]

    Official Directly Involved with HTF Implementation:

    Emila Sutton

    [email protected]

    State Entity Webpage

    North Carolina Housing Finance Agency

    NHTF-specific page

    Plans & Reports

  • Resources

    Housing Profiles

    State Housing Profile

    State Housing Profile: North Carolina (PDF)

    Congressional District Housing Profile

    Congressional District Profile: North Carolina (PDF)

    Research and Data

    National Housing Preservation Database

    The National Housing Preservation Database is an address-level inventory of federally assisted rental housing in the United States.

    Out of Reach: The High Cost of Housing

    Out of Reach documents the gap between renters’ wages and the cost of rental housing. In North Carolina and Nationwide

    The Gap: A Shortage of Affordable Rental Homes

    The Gap represents data on the affordable housing supply and housing cost burdens at the national, state, and metropolitan levels. In North Carolina and Nationwide

  • Take Action
    Tell Congress to Protect and Expand the National Housing Trust Fund
    Urge Congress to Pass a Budget with Strong Support for Affordable Housing Programs
    Tell Congress that Opportunity Zones Must Benefit Low Income People and Long-Term Residents
  • COVID-19 Resources
    COVID-19 Resources

    NLIHC has estimated a need for no less than $100 billion in emergency rental assistance and broke down the need and cost for each state (download Excel spreadsheet). 

    In response to COVID-19 and its economic fallout, many cities and states are creating or expanding rental assistance programs to support individuals and families impacted by the pandemic, and NLIHC is tracking in-depth information on these programs.  

    You can use the interactive map and searchable database to find state and local emergency rental assistance programs near you. You can also see the latest news on rental assistance programs through the state-by-state news tracker. Note that this is not a comprehensive list of all rental assistance programs as we continue to update frequently. If you are aware of a program not included in our database, please contact [email protected]

    COVID-19 Emergency Rental Assistance Programs

    Across the country, homeless service providers are struggling to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. In order to follow public health guidelines and help ensure people’s safety, some shelters are being forced to reduce services, restrict admittance, or close entirely. The loss of these critical resources puts people experiencing homelessness at even higher risk of illness. Check NLIHC's cumulative list of shelter closings.

    Below is a list of shelters that have had to majorly alter services or completely close:

    Many shelters in the state are either completely stopping or severely limiting new intakes in order to reduce their shelter population to something more manageable to be able to separate people.

    Legal aid and housing advocates in North Carolina discuss the urgent need for rental assistance alongside the national eviction moratorium. “Freezing the evictions is great, but unless there’s some type of financial support rental assistance… to bring people current, it’s extending the cliff,” said Isaac Sturgill, who leads the housing division of Legal Aid of North Carolina in Charlotte. 

    While the national moratorium provides short-term relief for North Carolina renters, it does not provide any financial relief for tenants, landlords, or property managers. “Without additional support from either the federal government, state government, or local government, this essential just pushes the financial problem down the road,” says Pamela Atwood, director of housing policy for the North Carolina Housing Coalition. 

    Updated on September 15, 2020

    The coronavirus pandemic is exacerbating the cost burdens that Buncombe County residents struggled with before the public health and economic crises. Clerk of Court Steve Cogburn said there have been 184 eviction filings due to nonpayment since court hearings resumed in Buncombe County on June 22. 

    Updated on September 10, 2020.

    Governor Roy Cooper announced $175 million to help North Carolinians with rental and utility support. The state’s Community Development Block Grant – Coronavirus (CDBG-CV), Emergency Solutions Grant (ESG-CV), and Coronavirus Relief Fund (CRF) will support three programs to help people avoid eviction.

    FEMA denied funding on August 24 for the Trillium Hotels for Health Program, leaving nearly 150 people in North Carolina at risk of losing their temporary shelter the following day. The program, however, announced on August 25 it secured enough funds to house people for an additional week. A FEMA spokesperson says Trillium, the crisis agency that runs the program, was deemed ineligible because it did not have the legal responsibility to provide shelter for people experiencing homelessness.

    Updated on September 2, 2020.

    An article in the Progressive Pulse argues that the coronavirus pandemic offers an opportunity for North Carolina to recognize housing as a human right and ensure that affordable housing is available to everyone.

    Updated on August 25, 2020.

    Physical evictions and eviction hearings resumed last week in Mecklenburg County, with magistrates working their way through 600 eviction cases in just one week. Federal and local COVID-19 rent relief programs have helped the county stave off evictions in about half of the eviction cases.

    Evictions have resumed in Mecklenburg County and millions of workers will lose the supplemental federal unemployment benefits at the end of this month, creating the potential for widespread financial hardship and inability to pay rent across Charlotte.

    Updated on August 4, 2020.

    “Even with extended unemployment, North Carolina would benefit greatly from a federal rental and utility assistance package,” wrote Governor Roy Cooper in a letter to Congress outlining his policy priorities for the next coronavirus relief package. Governor Cooper also asked Congress to urge FEMA to provide 100% federal reimbursement for non-federal cost share for state and local costs of responding to COVID, robust and flexible dollars to state and local governments, and other priorities. 

    Updated on July 28, 2020.

    Eviction hearings resumed June 22 in Buncombe County, and housing advocates in Asheville are concerned that there will be a sharp rise in homelessness in the coming months without significant state and federal intervention. While the Asheville City Council is preparing to vote on allocating funds toward rental assistance, the funds will be insufficient to meet the demand for assistance. 

    Updated on July 20, 2020.

    The Wake County Board of Commissioners voted unanimously to appropriate an additional $1.7 million in federal coronavirus relief funds for eviction prevention. This funding will fund part of Phase II of the House Wake! strategic plan. “This effort is part of our long-term goal to move as many people as possible into a secure and stable housing situation,” said Wake County Commissioner Sig Hutchinson.

    Durham County’s COVID-19 housing contract with a hotel temporarily sheltering people experiencing homelessness expires on July 9, and new shelter guidelines to accommodate social distancing may strain Durham’s shelters.

    Updated on July 13, 2020.

    Roof Above, an organization that serves men experiencing homelessness, will temporarily close the Statesville Avenue Emergency Shelter on July 2 and open a 130-bed shelter inside a motel. The temporary move will limit the spread of the coronavirus.

    Updated on July 7, 2020.

    A homeless organization in Jackson County is working to prevent a surge in homelessness by recruiting landlords and prioritizing rehousing efforts.

    Updated on June 12, 2020.

    North Carolina advocates are calling on local, state, and federal officials to provide rental assistance as the Guilford County Sherriff’s Office resumes serving eviction notices after the 10-week moratorium.

    An article in the Spectrum News examines the pandemic’s impact on homelessness in Charlotte. Although tent encampments existed before COVID-19, they are more accepted now. Advocates, like the Urban Ministry Center, are concerned about how to ensure that people experiencing homelessness can access safe, affordable housing after the acute crisis ends. Read more about the Urban Ministry’s efforts during COVID-19.

    Wake County commissioners approved $2 million in Coronavirus Relief Funds to prevent evictions and homelessness, but the county is asking to use more of its $5 million share for housing. 

    Guilford County, NC plans to isolate or quarantine in a hotel all homeless people who show symptoms of or have tested positive for COVID. The state will work with local hospitality groups to provide more than 16,500 units of individual housing in dormitories, hotels, trailers or other spaces. The federal government, through FEMA, will pay 75% of the costs associated with the program.


    Using a $500,000 grant from the Charlotte COVID-19 Response Fund, an organization called Socialserve has distributed critical rental assistance to low-income households impacted by the pandemic. Socialserve collaborated with Charlotte Mecklenburg Housing Partnership to distribute $429,000 in rental assistance for 330 renter households. They also helped 30 individuals experiencing homelessness to secure housing by paying $45,000 in upfront housing costs.

    Updated on June 29, 2020.

    Mecklenburg County

    Supportive Housing Communities, an organization that provides affordable housing and support services to people experiencing homelessness in Mecklenburg County, has provided rent and utility assistance for 31 households and mental health counseling for 18 households since the beginning of the pandemic.

    Updated on June 22, 2020.

    North Carolina has released interim guidance for homeless shelters in the area. The document includes planning, prevention, and recommendations if coronavirus cases were to occur. 

    Article TitleLink

    DAVID PRICE & NITA LOWEY: Coronavirus crisis is a housing crisis


    Federal, state, and local eviction moratoriums are rapidly expiring and the CARES Act supplemental unemployment benefits will end soon; at that time, millions of low-income renters will be at risk of losing their homes. The NLIHC estimates at least $100 billion in emergency rental assistance is needed to keep low-income renters stably housed during and after the pandemic. This tracker links to news reports of the growing evictions crisis in various cities and states. Check NLIHC's cumulative list of eviction updates.

    Over 700,000 North Carolinians will be at risk for eviction soon after all government moratoriums and extensions on rent payments expire on Monday.

    Updated on August 28, 2020.

    Evictions are starting to pick up and the CARES Act moratorium has ended. And, so, you can be evicted says Pisgah Legal Services attorney David Bartholomew.

    Updated: August 12

    Governor's executive order prohibiting evictions for non-payment of rent expired June 21, but grants tenants 6 months from the expiration to pay back accrued rents. On June 30, the governor issued a separate order lifted allowing sheriff's offices to carry out writs of possession, the physical task of removing people from their homes during an eviction.  Eviction cases are being conducted remotely and in person. 

    Updated: July 31

    In the third week of July, 23% of adults in North Carolina reported they had missed their previous housing payment or had little confidence they would make their next one on time, according to a weekly survey conducted by the Census. In the same survey, 315,157 renters reported they had not paid their previous rental payment.

    When the eviction moratorium expired in North Carolina on June 21, there were over 10,000 evictions pending

    Wilmington Due to the massive backlog in evictions, the small claims court had to double its capacity, scheduling 10 cases per hour. The recent expiration of the federal moratorium on July 25 strips protections from over 100 area apartment complexes, which local advocates say puts possibly thousands at risk of eviction. July 20

    Updated: July 29

    After the eviction moratorium expired on June 21, landlords filed over 2,000 eviction cases statewide in April and May alone. The order preventing sheriffs from carrying out writs of possession, the physical task of removing people from their homes during an eviction, expired on June 30thAccording to a weekly survey by the Census, 1 in 4 adults in the state either missed their last housing payment or have little/no confidence of being able to make next month’s housing payment.

    Updated: July 16

    COVID-19 Resources Other

    National Media

    What to Know About Housing and Rent During the COVID-19 Emergency?

    Arbor Realty Trust launched an innovative $2 million rental assistance program to help thousands of tenants and families significantly impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak. Arbor is contributing $1 million to the program and participating borrowers will match Arbor's advances to its tenants in need to help fill the rent gap during the hard-hit months of May and June. Together, the partnership program will provide $2 million in relief.